DAMPAK PENCEMARAN LOGAM BERAT TERHADAP KUALITAS AIR DAN STRATEGI UNTUK MENGURANGI KANDUNGAN LOGAM BERAT

Cein Penias Tony, Rika Ernawati, Edy Nursanto

Abstract


Aktivitas pertambangan akan memberikan limbah bagi lingkungan. Limbah tersebut berupa logam berat yang mudah terakumulasi dengan air. Logam berat dalam air sangat penting bagi organisme hidup tetapi jika konsentrasi di luar batas yang direkomendasikan oleh berbagai organisasi nasional dan internasional dapat menyebabkan gangguan fisiologis. Kelebihan ini di lingkungan air terjadi, melalui berbagai proses dan jalur, oleh sumber alami dan antropogenik. Akumulasi logam-logam ini dalam organisme hidup dapat menjadi racun dan karsinogenik karena sifatnya yang tidak dapat terurai secara hayati. Untuk tujuan ini air, manajemen kualitas dan penilaian dalam logam berat adalah sangat penting. Status kualitas air secara keseluruhan dan identifikasi sumber asal logam berat diperlukan untuk pengelolaan kualitas air. Indeks polusi logam berat (HPI) dan Analisis faktor (FA) adalah pendekatan yang paling nyaman dan efektif untuk menilai status kualitas air dan mengidentifikasi sumber polutan. Makalah ini mengulas tentang sumber, dampak terhadap kesehatan manusia dan teknik penilaian pencemaran logam berat di lingkungan perairan serta. teknik pengolahan air limbah untuk menghilangkan logam berat tersebut

Keywords


Logam berat, Kualitas Air, Pertambangan, Limbah

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31284/p.semitan.2021.1967

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