Experimental Study of Cellulose Extraction From Oil Palm Empty Fruits Bunches

Zulnazri Zulnazri, Muhammad Ikhwanul Adha, Rozanna Dewi

Abstract


Empty Palm Oil Bunches is one of the non-timber solid wastes produced in the process of making palm oil. Empty palm oil bunches that have been cleaned and then hydrolyzed with HNO3 and NaNO2 are 3.5% at a temperature of 90oC. Then it was delignified by varying the concentration of NaOH 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and using temperature variations of 40 oC, 50 oC, and 60 oC for 1 hour. Then the cellulose obtained was tested by FTIR test, XRD test, SEM test, and the yield was calculated. From the results of the FT-IR test, it is obtained that the high wave number is 2800-3300 cm-1 and the low wave number is 500-1400 cm-1. The spectrum shows a broad absorption peak located at 2800-4000 cm-1 which is a stretch of the –OH group. The highest yield content was found at a concentration of 4% NaOH at 90oC with a yield of 90.4%. The lowest yield is found at a concentration of 3% NaOH at a temperature of 60oC with a yield of 24.88%. From the results of these studies, it can be seen that the greater the concentration of NaOH used affects the cellulose produced.

Keywords


Cellulose; Extraction; Concentration of NaOH; Yield

Full Text:

PDF

References


Fessenden, R.J., dan J.S. Fessenden. 1982. Kimia Organik Edisi Kedua Jilid 1. Terjemahan Oleh A.H. Pudjaatmaka. Erlangga. Jakarta.

Jahan, M. S., Saeed, A., He, Z., Ni, Y. 2011. Jute as Raw Material for the Preparation of Microcrystalline Cellulose. Cellulose, 18, 451–459.

Li, R., Fei, J., Cai, Y., Li, Y., Feng, J., Yao, J. 2009. Cellulose Whiskers Extracted from Mulberry: A Novel Biomass Production. Carbohydrate Polymers, 76, 94–99.

Rosli, N.A., Ahmad, I., Abdullah, I. 2013. Isolation and Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystal from Agave Angustion Fibre, Bioresources, 8(2), 1893-1908.

Zulnazri. 2017. Hidrolisis Selulosa Dari Tandan Kosong Kepala Sawit Untuk Memproduksi Cellulose Nano-crystal Dengan Metode Sonikasi Hidrothermal. Program Doktor, Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember. Surabaya.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31284/j.iptek.2022.v26i1.2353

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Indexed by:

Logo SINTASINTAGoogle ScholarJournalStories Main logoIndonesia OneSearch
GARUDA Garba Rujukan DigitalDimensions Logo